History of Pathumthani

Originally, Pathum Thani province was settled more than 300 years since the reign of King Narai of Ayutthaya. On the year 1659, Mungnanthamitr herded the Mon family in Motama city to escape from the Myanmar's war and migrated to the land of King Krungthep Dvaravati Sri Ayudhya under the High Patronage of His Majesty the King. The king narai was gracious to those Mon family and allowed them to colonize at the "Sarm kok" district. Since then, the "Sarm kok" district has prospered up respectively. 

Afterward, in the land of King Taksin of Thonburi. The Mon people were migrated from Myanmar to be under the High Patronage of His Majesty the King for the second time. They were allowed by the king to colonize at the "Sarm kok" district as well. 

And final. In the reign of King Rama II Lertlah. There was a massive migration of Mon people from the "Motama city" to "Siam" and colonize at the "Sarm kok" district again as well.

Therefore, from the small village "Ban Sarm Kok" has become a "Mueng Sarm Kok" city in latter-day.

The King Rama II Lertlah was so attentive with the Mon people perpetually. Once upon a time in November 1815, he was at the "Sarm Kok" city to visit his population and stayed at the pavilion on the left side of "Chao phraya" river close to the “Sarm Kok” city. There was made "Mon people" were pleased immeasurably and concerted dedicate the lotuses for worship his majesty king. There was made a lot of sentimentality to the king. Consequently, he gave a new name for "Sarm Kok" city as "Lotus" city on August 28, 1815. With the divine grace of the king, the name "Lotus" city has befallen since then. In the year 1918, the king Rama VI ordered to use "province" instead "city" and change the city's name from "Lotus" to "Pathumthani".

Afterward, in the reign of King Rama VII. He ordered to coalesce the "Thanyaburi" city with the "Pathumthani" province together in 1932. “Pathumthani” province has been divided into seven districts as a current.

Since "Pathumthani" province was named by the king Rama II Lertlah. It was developed respectively. It was a wealthy province. It has own unique culture that is the proud of the population and be the province in the metropolitan area have flourished even more in the nearby future.





Most parts of the province are flat plains which stand on the both coasts of the Chao praya river. It flows past the main district and Samcoke district where Pathum Thani was divided into two parts. The one is the western part or the right coast of river. This part is including Ladlumkaew district, some part of the main district and Samcoke district.

Another one is the eastern part or the left coast of the Chowpraya river where some parts of the main district, Tunyaburi, longluang, Ningsua, Lumlukka and some part of Samcoke district stand on. Normally, the level of the higher at the average 50 Centimeters, which cause the flood over the right coast.

          On the over hand, on the left coast the flood can be controlled, due to a lot of canals over there can reduce it.

Type of soil

          Most parts of the province are flat plains, which produce clay
with acid PH6-4 . There are two kinds of soil, one is good soil which
has 30% another one is acid soil which has 70% more over the clay
cannot drain the water out. So it makes the water slowly running.
This type of soil is not good for planting and farming especially
growing rice gives a small product. We can solve these problems
by providing lime and compost to get much more product.


The geography of Patum Thani province.

          Patum Thani is set in the middle part of Thailand. It is about latitude 14 Degree north and longitude 100 degree east. It is 2.30 meters above sea level, it’s area about 1.525.856 square kilometers or about 953,660 ares.The distance from Bangkok via to the north along Pahol yotin road No.1 is about 27.8 kilometers.

It’s areas is near the following provinces:

From north
is Bangsai,Bangpain and Wungnoi district of Ayutthaya province. Ningkae and Wiharndaeng district of Saraburi.

From east
is Aungkaruk district of Nakornnayauk province , and Bangnampriew district of Shachaungsow. 

From the west,
is dadbualuang district of Ayutthaya province, Banglen district of Nakornpatome province, and Sainoi district of nonetaburi province.

From the south,
is Nongjog, Klongsamwa, Saimai, Banhken, Donmuang district of Bangkok and Pakgres, Bangbuatong district of nontaburi province.